Explained: What is India's new citizenship law that has sparked deadly protest

Thank you for your reading and interest in the news Explained: What is India's new citizenship law that has sparked deadly protest and now with details

Hind Al Soulia - Riyadh - A new Indian law that grants citizenship to persecuted Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians who fled Muslim-majority Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan prior to 2015 has led to violent demonstrations.

Indian President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the citizenship bill late on Thursday, signing it into law, an official statement said.

Clearance of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill triggered widespread protests in the eastern state of Assam, as protesters said it would convert thousands of illegal immigrants into legal residents.

Some Muslims also protested against the law as it does not give the same rights to citizenship as members of other faiths, a move critics say undermines the secular constitution.

Passage of the bill was a key election promise of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, re-energising his nationalist, Hindu support base.

How did the bill secure parliament's support?

Mr Modi had promised that his party would grant citizenship to the six communities who according to the government have historically faced persecution on grounds of religion in the three Muslim-dominated countries. Lawmakers belonging to his party voted in favour of the bill.

What do critics say?

They accuse Mr Modi's government of drafting rules to favour its hardline Hindu agenda aimed at disturbing permanent settlements belonging to Muslims.

Who does the law leave out?

Opposition parties say the law is discriminatory as it singles out Muslims, who make up nearly 15 per cent of the population. The government says that Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh are Muslim-majority countries, so Muslims cannot be treated as persecuted minorities.

Indian Muslims from Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind take part in a protest against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019 (CAB) in New Delhi. EPA

Who could suffer?

Rights organisations say Mr Modi-supporting lawmakers have cleared the bill to justify the deportation of thousands of Muslims living in the north-east state of Assam and unable to provide documents to prove Indian citizenship.

What are the discrepancies?

The law does not clarify why minority migrants from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan are favoured over those fleeing Sri Lanka and Myanmar from where minority Muslims have sought refuge in India.

What's next?

The law has been challenged in India's Supreme Court by a Muslim political party, lawyers and rights groups on the grounds that it violates the secular constitution.

More than 500 eminent Indian jurists, lawyers, academics and actors, have signed a statement condemning the legislation.

Updated: December 14, 2019 10:35 AM

These were the details of the news Explained: What is India's new citizenship law that has sparked deadly protest for this day. We hope that we have succeeded by giving you the full details and information. To follow all our news, you can subscribe to the alerts system or to one of our different systems to provide you with all that is new.

It is also worth noting that the original news has been published and is available at The National and the editorial team at AlKhaleej Today has confirmed it and it has been modified, and it may have been completely transferred or quoted from it and you can read and follow this news from its main source.

PREV New WHO guidance calls for more evidence on airborne transmission
NEXT Coronavirus: WHO launches investigation into global pandemic response